Welcome to the Accounting Evolution blog space. Here we aim to keep you informed – always, and entertained – where possible (it is tax and accounting after all), with selected content designed to keep you abreast of changes, trends, new products and anything else of interest in the world of Tax and Accounting. If you want to know what’s happening, come back regularly to the Accounting Evolution blog pages.

May 2020

Welcome to our May newsletter. After an extraordinary month of social and economic hibernation, there are positive signs that some of the restrictions on our everyday lives will soon be loosened somewhat. This is welcome news for households, businesses and our economy.

Data released in April provided an early insight into the impact of the coronavirus on the Australian economy. Inflation rose by an unexpected 0.3 per cent in the March quarter, lifting the annual rate from 1.8 per cent to 2.2 per cent. The biggest increases were food, alcohol and tobacco and health. The biggest falls were petrol, travel and accommodation.

Retail sales jumped a record 8.2 per cent in March as consumers stocked up on food and essentials ahead of the shutdown. New home sales fell 23.2 per cent in March while new vehicle sales were down 9.1 per cent in the year to March as Australians reassessed their finances. But consumer confidence rebounded in April, with the ANZ/Roy Morgan consumer confidence index lifting to 85 points, up from record lows of 65 points in March. National petrol prices fell to an average of 100.6c a litre in April, the lowest in 15 years. This follows a further 22 per cent drop in global crude oil prices in April as a result of a glut in supply.

Business confidence was also at record lows in March, with the NAB index falling from -2.4 points to -65.6 points. Unemployment rose slightly to 5.2 per cent in March but Reserve Bank Governor, Philip Lowe said in a speech that he expects the rate to climb to 10 per cent in the June quarter and remain above 6 per cent for the next few years. He also expects inflation will fall significantly in the June quarter as our economy contracts but said: “We can be confident that our economy will bounce back”. The Aussie dollar rose over 6 per cent in April to over 65 US cents, perhaps due to Australia’s success to date in dealing with the coronavirus.

 Is your SMSF balanced?

Is your SMSF balanced?

The recent sell-off on global sharemarkets due to the economic impact of COVID-19 has highlighted the risks of depending too heavily on a single asset class. Even before the current crisis, the ATO was concerned about a minority of self-managed superannuation funds (SMSFs) with up to 90 per cent of their money in a single asset class.

Invariably that single asset is an investment property for which the SMSF has borrowed money through a limited recourse borrowing arrangement (LRBA). While property has historically provided good returns over the long run, this is not always a good recipe for providing income in retirement.

The ATO is so concerned about this trend, that last year it wrote to 17,700 SMSFs warning them about the dangers of concentration of risk and suggesting they should perhaps consider greater diversification.

One of the foundations of prudent investing is diversification. By putting your money in a range of investments and asset classes you effectively spread your risks.

Have a written strategy

Diversification is important for all investors, but especially so for those with an SMSF who are ultimately responsible for their own investment strategy. That’s why SMSFs are required to put their investment strategy in writing.

This is your plan for making, holding and realising assets consistent with your investment objectives and retirement goals. It should explain how your chosen investments will help you meet your goal.

If you have 90 per cent of your fund’s money in a property, you need to document that you have considered the risks associated with this lack of diversification. You need to state why you think the investment will meet your fund’s investment objectives and cash flow requirements.

This document can be attached to your strategy as a signed and dated addendum. If you cannot justify your heavy weighting in property, then you need to change the fund’s portfolio mix otherwise each individual trustee may face a fine of $4200.

Understanding gearing

Of those SMSFs that have focused heavily on property, a disturbing fact is that many of those funds have lower balances of between $200,000 and $500,000. This makes them even more vulnerable to a market fall. In 2017 the average borrowing under a LRBA was $380,000 and the average value of assets was $768,600.i

With an LRBA, the asset is held in a separate trust. Any investment returns earned from the asset go to the SMSF trustee. If the loan defaults, the lender’s rights are limited to the assets in the separate trust so there is no recourse on any other assets held in the SMSF.

That’s all very well, but if those other assets represent less than 10 per cent of a fund where the balance is $300,000, then having around $30,000 left in your super should you come a cropper clearly will not provide adequately for your retirement.

The banks require a personal guarantee from the members when setting up an LRBA so if you default on the loan then any shortfall must be met personally which could further undermine your retirement planning.

How to diversify

How you achieve diversity in your SMSF will depend on the risk profile of the fund’s members. For example, there’s no harm in being skewed towards more conservative investments if the members have a low tolerance for risk, but the trade-off is lower returns in the long run.

The type of investments in the fund may also depend on the age of members. If retired, then you probably need two years’ cash readily available. However, the remainder should be in a balanced portfolio of growth investments, bonds and fixed interest. That way the capital can still grow even in retirement, which will help ensure you don’t outlive your fund.

In contrast, younger fund members might skew their portfolio more towards growth assets such as domestic and international shares. This is because there is plenty of time to recover from market falls such as the one we are currently experiencing. Alongside these growth assets you should also have some fixed interest and bond exposure.

If you would like to discuss your SMSF’s investment strategy and make sure that you are not exposing yourself to unnecessary risk, then give us a call.


New tax shortcut for employees working from home

New tax shortcut for employees working from home

With many people now working from home because of COVID-19, some of the expenses your employer normally covers – such as electricity, heating and cooling – are coming out of your pocket instead.

Some employers provide a daily allowance to help with these additional costs, but if not it’s important to claim your extra expenses at tax time.

To simplify things, the ATO has announced shortcut rules if you find yourself working from your kitchen table or sofa for the first time.

New shortcut rules

Under these temporary measures, if you are working from home due to COVID-19 you can claim a simplified tax deduction of 80 cents per work hour for your running expenses.

Your running expenses include things like lighting; heating and cooling; cleaning; and office supplies like printer paper and stationery. The shortcut rate also covers the cost of your internet, phone and computer equipment.

The decline in value (or depreciation) of the furniture and fittings you use in your home office is covered too.

Items such as tea, coffee and toilet paper, can’t be claimed. Neither can expenses such as rent, mortgage interest, property insurance, rates and land tax.

Substantiating your claim

Before you get too excited, you are only entitled to a deduction for expenses related to earning income. You must have actually spent the money and not been reimbursed.

Fortunately, the shortcut method only requires you to keep a record of the number of hours you worked from home as evidence of your claim. This can be in the form of a time sheet, or an Outlook calendar or diary entry.

If you are audited by the ATO, it’s likely you’ll also be asked for supporting evidence from your employer.

The shortcut arrangements are in place for running expenses incurred from 1 March to 30 June 2020. The ATO intends to review the arrangement for the next financial year as the COVID-19 situation progresses.

Eligibility for the shortcut rules

The simplified rules are only available to employees working from home. If you are a sole trader or run a small business from home, you must use the normal business deduction rules.
The shortcut rules allow multiple people living in the same house to claim the new 80 cents rate, so both members of a couple can claim a deduction at tax time. You’re not required to have a dedicated work area, which is a requirement under the normal rules.

If you normally work from home a few days a week, you need to keep two sets of records – one covering the period from 1 July 2019 to 29 February 2020 and a second one covering the period from 1 March to 30 June 2020 if you decide to use the shortcut method.

Current rules for working from home

Although the simplicity of the shortcut method is attractive for claiming your running costs, you can choose to use the pre-existing rules if you prefer.

Currently there are two ways to calculate your running expenses: claiming a fixed rate of 52 cents per work hour, or calculating your actual expenses.

Under the fixed rate method, you claim 52 cents an hour for your running expenses. You then work out separately your costs for phone and internet usage, computer consumables and stationery, and the depreciation on your computer. To claim, you need to keep records of actual hours worked, or a four week diary to show your usual working pattern.

Dedicated home offices

If you have a dedicated work area at home, you can choose to calculate your actual running expenses. These costs (plus depreciation on your equipment, furniture and furnishings over $300) need to be apportioned into personal and work related amounts.

For your phone and internet expenses, you can claim up to $50 with limited documentation, or calculate your actual expenses and apportion them.

Before opting for the new shortcut, it’s worth having a chat, as the best method depends on your individual situation. Although there is less administration with the shortcut, it may not provide you with the biggest tax deduction.

Call us to discuss how working from home will affect your tax preparations this financial year.

Leadership through challenging times

Leadership through challenging times

As all leaders can attest to, no leadership role is smooth sailing. There will inevitably be the occasional storm coming over the horizon, with different challenges you need to respond to.

Sometimes these challenges will be unprecedented, such as the impact of the coronavirus pandemic while others may not be of this scale. As every situation is different, there is often no one ‘best’ way to respond.

What has become clear is that in times of crisis, strong leadership is vital. Given the economic and societal uncertainty surrounding the coronavirus outbreak, robust leadership of teams and companies during this period is especially crucial.

While there is no magic formula, here are a few ways you can hone your leadership skills and be the strong, capable leader your team needs during times of uncertainty.

Be flexible and adapt

If we have learned anything from the coronavirus pandemic, it’s that life as we know it can change at any moment. Businesses have temporarily shut up shop or moved online, while others have permanently closed their doors. Teams are communicating virtually rather than face-to-face, people are unable to travel and many schools have moved to remote learning. Your daily routine has changed, perhaps substantially so.

Stephen Hawking once said, “Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change”. A strong leader is intelligent and resilient, adapting their plans as needed. First and foremost, educate yourself. This includes information on the situation at large, your business’s position and the implications the situation may have on your team and or business. Seek out advice where needed to make informed decisions.

Be flexible and adaptive with your decision making, appreciate your existing plans and strategy may need to change or, you might need a completely new plan. Consider the changing needs of the market and your clients as you adapt existing plans or develop new frameworks.

Tune out the noise

It’s hard not to be distracted by the endless stream of news and opinions, especially during a time of crisis.

However, it’s important to focus your attention on what is important to you and your business. How can you support your team and create a resilient business? Working on a plan for your business will help you feel more in control of the future and focused on what you can do during this time. Set clear expectations for your team and objectives to assist them to navigate the uncertainty with a degree of clarity.

Empower your team

Equally, this is an unsettling period for your team who may be dealing with added stress. Perhaps working from home is not ideal for them as they have children who are remote learning, or they are worried about an unwell or vulnerable loved one.

Communication is key to maintaining team cohesion and morale. Through times of change and uncertainty, communication is even more important to ensure an understanding of what is happening at both an organisational and individual level and to manage expectations. Whether it’s through regular check-ins to see how people are doing or collaborating on ideas for the future, you can empower your team to feel positive about the business, despite the challenges ahead.

Manage yourself

Don’t forget to look after yourself as well. Think of the adage of putting on your own oxygen mask first in order to help others and take care of yourself first.

Not only can our mental health be impacted by uncertainty, so too can our physical health. With the coronavirus pandemic resulting in self-isolated living for many, your incidental exercise is likely to have drastically reduced. You might not be working out as much either, and you could be well acquainted with the fridge and pantry. Ensuring you are still keeping fit and eating healthy (at least most of the time) is important to keeping you feeling on top of your game.

A strong leader faces challenges head on and knows when to reach out for help as well. Don’t be too proud to seek help, whether that’s for your mental or physical health or general guidance should you need it.

Turbulent times can make good leaders great. As you rise to the challenge, provide a calm and composed direction into the future.

This Newsletter provides general information only. The content does not take into account your personal objectives, financial situation or needs. You should consider taking financial advice tailored to your personal circumstances. We have representatives that are authorised to provide personal financial advice. Please see our website or call 02 9098 5055 for more information on our available services.

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